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esto es  una traduccion al ingles


MAP OF PRINCIPAL AND SECONDARY ACCESS WAYS

KNOWN NAME
route number - conditions - total kms.
CALAMA - SPA
23 - asphalt road - 100kms.
ROUTE to THE MOON VALLEY
s/n - ground road - 50kms.
ROUTE to TATIO GEYSER
B-245 - ground road - 250kms.
ROUTE to THE SALT FLAT of AT.
s/n - ground road - 180kms.
INTERN. ROUTE PASO SICO
23CH - asphalt and ground - 225kms.
INTERN. ROUTE PASO JAMA
27CH - asphalt road - 165kms.
ROUTE to SALAR OF UYUNI
s/n - ground road - 650kms.

NOTE:
For the roads 3, 5, 6 and 7 that drive to the highland (altiplano) over the 4000 mts. in occasionlly times of the year the roads are closed because of the bad weather or the snow. Ask before about the state of the routes at the police station or tourism agencies in San Pedro de Atacama.



CALAMA - SAN PEDRO DE ATACAMA
Excellent and only access way between the villages.

Description
Cross the domeyco mountain range in Barros Arana almost at 3.000 mts., where is a desviation (km 55) well indicated to the village of Rio Grande and San Bartolo. At Yerbas Buenas you have the chance to observe petroglyphs art and if you are lucky guanacos too.


ROUTE TO THE MOON VALLEY
Regular state and only access way to the Cordillera de la Sal (mountain range of the Salt) by the old road that cross the famous Valle de la Luna (Moon Valley). The place has two entrances where you pay a fee $1500 per person and children $500.

Description

Well indicated, you get to the
Cordillera de la Sal at the same time to the Valle de la Luna Park (Moon Valley). This mountain range has amazing geological formations of 2600 mt. altitude, is one of the oldest of the world (40 millions years). It expanse from north to south by the west side of the great Salt Flat of Atacama at least 70 kms. Once getting inside the park, exist touristic stops to visit, like Las Cavernas, las Tres Marias, Las Minas de Sal and La Gran Duna at the central crater or Anfithearer, where is classic to wait for the sunset. Is convenient to do night visiting when you have full moon time. The Valle de la Luna is considered humanity patrimony (Unesco) and is not allow to camp or to do fire.


ROUTE TO TATIO GEYSER
In general regular state. Double access to the geothermic field Tatio Geyser.
From San Pedro de Atacama are 98 kms. and from Calama 130 kms.

Description
Two ways drive up the
Cordillera de los Andes (Andes mountain range) to the chilean highland (altiplano) with the possibility to visit atacamenian highlands villages, big ravines with privilege views and wild flora and fauna of the zone.
· By San Pedro de Atacama way, with more frecuencies of the tourism agencies. Is nice to visit: Machuca village, Puritama Hot Springs, Putana river, Tata Torres camp and to watch cactus at Guatin valley (Purifica, Vilama river).
· By Calama way you have more chances to visit a lot of native villages with beautiful churches, such as Chiu Chiu, Ayquina, Caspana, Toconce and Cupo. Also to visit places like Lasana (Pukara), Turi (Pukara, and hot springs) and Paniri (big cactus and mystery volcano). Also the amazing petroglyph art by the north of Loa river (TAIRA) and the mystery of Laguna Inka Coya.


ROUTE TO THE SALT FLAT OF ATACAMA
Good state and only way to drive the east side of the great Salt Flat of Atacama with an amazing view to the Cordillera de los Andes (Andes mountain range, Licancabur and Lascar active volcanoes) with the chance of indicated access to visit some lagoons, salt roads, lithium minning and flamingoes natural reservation.

Description
The way has good road signals. In south direction the altitude start to go down a few meteres in compare with San Pedro.
To the south is nice to visit: Tambillo (Tamarugo woods), Toconao (Jerez ravine), the Flamingo national reservation (Chaxa lagoon) ruled by Conaf (entrance fee $2000 per person) and the village of Peine (petroglyph art and thermal pool). Just before Peine is the way to Antofagasta, direct escape by the amazing salt highway, crossing the entrance of the minning Sociedad Chilena El Litio and by the road non indicated and private of the minning Minsal (SQM). The Salt Flat of Atacama has the more big lithium reserve of the world (40%).


INTERNATIONAL ROUTE PASO SICO
Mixed (asphalt till Socaire and ground till the border) and only route to go to the Altiplanic Lagoons in Chile and for to cross to Argentina at the km 225 (Sico Pass) in direction to San Antonio de los Cobre. Main international commercial transportation route of the zone that goes to the noreast of Argentina. Fuel and obligated customs only is possible in San Pedro de Atacama.

Description
After Toconao go right till Socaire for to go up the highlands (altiplano) where exist the chance to see impressive volcanoes, several sides lagoons, salt flats with wonderful colours and just a few wild fauna of the zone.
On this drive is nice to visit Talabre, Camar and Socaire villages, Miscanti, Miniques and Tuyajto lagoons, also Aguas Calientes and El Laco Salt Flat.
By Talabre village you can go to Lascar active volcano and Lejia Lagoon for to continue by an old international road to Argentina (Huatiquina Pass).
Going by El Laco salt flat to Argentina exist the police and SAG (Servicio Agricola y Ganadero) border control and 10 kms. after (Sico) you find Gendarmeria Argentina where you do your custom obligations.
Have to think that you only have available fuel in San Pedro de Atacama. Coming back you have a nice view to Atacama Salt Flat and local restaurant at Socaire village.


INTERNATIONAL ROUTE PASO JAMA
Excellent and only way to Bolivia by Hito Cajon (km 45), for to continue right to Argentina by Paso Jama (km 160). The firsi important village in Bolivia is Uyuni (Salt Flat of Uyuni) and by Argentina is Salta city.
Main international commercial transportation way of the zone to the noreast of Argentina, Paraguay and Brazil (Mercosur).
Obligated custom duties only in San Pedro de Atacama.

Description
You go up ruggly to the altiplano for to find amazing volcanoes, several colours lagoons, rivers that end up in salt flats with thousand of flamingoes, strange rocks formation and a lot of wild fauna of the zone.
During this driving is important to visit Quepiaco River, where it starts Pujsa Salt Flat (direction without road signals for to go to Pili Volcano 6100 mt.). Exactly at km 100 you find strange rocks formation called Pacana Monks (moais) for to go to Salar de Tara non indicated road signals. A little further the Salar Aguas Calientes beside the Negra Lagoon (small geysers). At km 165 is the border Chile Argentina (Paso Jama). Ruggly end up the excellent road into a ground way, 5 kms. in front is the obligated custom Gendrmeria Argentina.


RUTA AL SALAR DE UYUNI
From San Pedro de Atacama you take the international road Paso Jama, at km 45 you have an indicated desviation for 5 km till the border Chile Bolivia. The route to Uyuni village is very bad. It is important to ask for support to guides for to visit the Salt Flat of Uyuni. Only bolivians companies has the main touristic routes of the zone. Ask at the bolivian embassy for to get through your vehicles to Bolivia.

Description
The roads are very bad and have few road indications, also with altitudes over 4000mt. Sometimes because of the rain, the rivers go high level and cut off temporary the roads. However is the most impressive touristic road attending by the tourist of the bolivian altiplano, for to meet with amazing landscape of incredible colours, strange rocks formation, thousand of flamingoes and the best view of the biggest salt flat of the world (Uyuni Salt Flat).
Among the stops more recognized are:
The Verde, Blanca, Colorada, Cañapa, Honda and Hedionda Lagoons, the Sol de Mañana Geyser, the Isla del Pescado, the Licancabur and Ollague volcanoes, the Salt Hotel and the villages of San Juan, Colchani and Uyuni.

 
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estado de rutas
frank (IP:186.67.82.202) 2017-01-21 20:46:44

en texto superior dice "para las vias que sobrepasan los 4000 mts consulte en carabineros" ......pero si uno los llama contestan cualquier cosa , como por ejemplo "...y usted que creee..." sera posible que carabineros se tome su rol en serio o deconocen sus funciones....
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