Fauna Print E-mail


Native animals of the Andes, family of the camels, only beast of burden of the prehispanic andean cultures. There are four zoological species, two of them are domesticated and the other two still wild. They can crossbred between them, but in the second generation become the dominant specie. It meat has a special taste and is low in cholesterol, because of the herb diet.


Bigger side, domesticated and use as beast of burden. It wool is more thick and give every two years four kilos after the shear. You find them at the pre andean and atacamenian altiplanic sectors nearby water springs or bofedals (special places for sheperding).


More smaller than llama, with thick wool that covers till the eyes. It wool has a variety of colours. Give five kilos of wool every two years after the shear, it texture are thin and silky, the most used in quality textile. You can find them at Aymara andean sectors, it means more to the north from San Pedro de Atacama, at the bolivian altiplanic.


Light brown colour, short hair and a little bigger than the vicña. Generally lives at the 3000 mts. altitude in herd and it is difficult to domesticate it. You always find them at Domeyko mountain range.


The smaller of the four southamerican camelloids. Not domesticated, live in family groups at the altiplano, 4000 mts. altitude. Protected animal, because of the demand of it leather, wool (the most thin animal fibre) and it meat (0% cholesterol) was almost extincted.


Migratory birds and protected species and different kinds, because of it legs, foot and beak. The group live in low saline water level lagoons, in proper conditions where grows microseaweed and microcrustacean, it food components. The beak has inside lamels use for to filter the food. The nest at solitaire lagoons and looking for low water level, where they build up a clay nest similar to a cone without the tip and as a cup shape, where they put a white egg. Exist three species that lives in this zone of Atacama: Chilean, Andean and James.


Phoenicopterus chilensis
Largo: 100 cms.
Plumaje blanco con rosado suave. Pico grande, ancho, encorvado hacia abajo, ambas mandibulas internamente con lamelas filtradoras; mitad basal blanquesina y resto negro. Alas rosadas. Primarias y secundarias con puntas negras, más notorias durante el vuelo. Tarsos color hueso azulado con rodilla y patas rojas. Pequeño pulgar trasero.


Phoenicoparrus andinus
Largo: 110 - 120 cms.
Todo el plumaje de color blanco con tinte rosado muy suave; rosado más intenso en la parte delantera del cuello y superior del pecho. Cubiertas alares con manchas rojas. Primarias y secundarias negras, también notorias con el ala recogida. Pico amarillo en la mitad basal y resto negro. Patas amarillo suave.


High: 90 cms.
In generally with white and pink colour. Long neck. Big beak, wide downside hunched and with internal water filter chin, black at the tip and yellow colour the rest. Orange yellow colour base, around the eyes zone strong red colour, secondary pink red scapular. Long red brick colour legs, without rear toe.


Dusicyon culpaeus
Family canidae
Lives in all Chile.
Small canine of yellow coat and thick black point tale of 80 to 120 cm long (tale including) and a weight of 12 kilos, predator of rodents, hares, lizards, birds and also just born lambs.


The ñandu (suri) are the biggest birds of the americas and it not fly.
The ñandu of the plateau (puna) lives at the altiplanic plateau (3500 to 4500 mts) from Atacama till Tarapaca. It feed from herbs and seeds. It run till reach 60 kms per hour. The male take care of the chick.


Because of the inhospitable climate of the atacamenian Andes, communities of birds migrate looking for food and reproduction at temperate climate, so the behaviour of the different species are very particular. Some birds species migrate from the Atacama Salt Flat crossing the altiplano till the argentinian jungle.


Lives in lagoons, rivers and bofedals of the chilean altiplano, standing out the constract between the white and black colour of their heads. They nest in the grass or in floating nest of Taguas. Feed from vegetables and small insects, crustacean and mollusc.

GUAYATAS ó piuquenes

Chloëphaga melanoptera Lives at bofedals of the altiplano (4000 mts). Once a year it plumage change at the wings making impossible to fly by that moment, so it looks for shelter at far away places, because of the predators. The special characteristic: inseparable from it couple.


Lives on almost all the lagoons and specially at the altiplanic salt flat. Solitaire or in couple or in small flock. It is 40 cms, long black upside curved beak. Feed from small organism.


Fulica gigantea
Unique specie of the world, special because of it enormous size, 55 cms. Lives at lagoons, lakes and bofedals of the altiplano (4000 mts.). Lives normally with a couple and the nest is a big floating platform. It not fly, but runs very quickly over the water. It is an herbivore that feed from the plants that grows under the water near the shores.


Small seagull, caulle, quiulla.
Lives at lakes and lagoons of the high mountain range (4000 mts). On winter time some species go down till the coast zone. It lengh is 40, 45 cms. It have different plumage on summer or winter time. On summer time it have black head with white semi circle on the eye and in winter time it have white head with dark spots in the eye.


Very characteristic bird of the atacamenian altiplano. Specie that lives alone, with couple or in small flocks at the ravines, bofedals or at altiplanic villages. It 10 cms., and with sexual dimorphism. The male has more intense colours.



Lagidium viscacia
Familiy :Chinchillidae
It has a precious long thick pelage, with a small body and a enourmous long hair tale. Has long auricular pavilion, well develope rare feet and small front members. This animal colour is yellow at the north of Chile and gray colour at the south of the country. Lives between the 600 to 5000 mts. altitude and whistle when it is in danger or for to call it pairs.


Rodent from the Salt Flat of Atacama known as Chululo. Short grey ears, live in caves made by themselves, where it sleep, keep the food and reproduce. Their food are roots, bulbes, fruits and seeds. Chinchilla predator is the fox, so that is why they make dens of 60 cms. deep.



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Anonymous (IP: 2013-12-19 17:18:17

Muy buena la informacin, es bueno que rescatemos la cultura de chile
maia (IP: 2015-07-13 20:00:38

exelemnte info!
maira (IP: 2015-11-01 19:15:58

me encant conocer sobre todas las especies, especialmente los camlidos. Mi favoritos son la llama y los flamencos!
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